In developing countries, Japan has implemented various types of cooperation, such as providing funds, transferring technologies for social and economic growth, assistance for disaster relief, and so forth. Such cooperation, mainly undertaken by the Government sector, is called ODA (Official Development Assistance).
Loan Aid is a cooperation scheme for assisting developing countries in their efforts to develop economic and social infrastructure and stabilize their economies through the provision low-interest and long-term loans, Loan Aid is provided by the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC).
Grant Aid is financial assistance without repayment.
Technical cooperation is a form of assistance for human resource development in developing countries. Training capable people who will promote social and economic development is indispensable in any country. Technical cooperation is implemented in various ways, e.g. training, dispatching experts and volunteers, providing equipment and material, conducting development studies and “Technical Cooperation Projects”, or a combination of these components. Knowledge and technology of Japan are passed to engineers and administrators of developing countries. Technical Cooperation is implemented by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), an independent administrative organization of Japan.